Proper documenting of the sources makes the term paper free of plagiarism. There are different styles of documenting the sources.
Apply general APA style and formatting conventions in a research paper. There are a few major formatting styles used in academic texts, including AMA, Chicago, and Turabian: AMA American Medical Association for medicine, health, and biological sciences APA American Psychological Association for education, psychology, and the social sciences Chicago—a common style used in everyday publications like magazines, newspapers, and books MLA Modern Language Association for English, literature, arts, and humanities Turabian—another common style designed for its universal application across all subjects and disciplines While all the formatting and citation styles have their own use and applications, in this chapter we focus our attention on the two styles you are most likely to use in your academic studies: If you find that the rules of proper source documentation are difficult to keep straight, you are not alone.
Writing a good research paper is, in and of itself, a major intellectual challenge. Having to follow detailed citation and formatting guidelines as well may seem like just one more task to add to an already-too-long list of requirements. Following these guidelines, however, serves several important purposes.
Finally, it helps your reader find additional materials if he or she wishes to learn more about your topic. Furthermore, producing a letter-perfect APA-style paper need not be burdensome. Yes, it requires careful attention to detail. However, you can simplify the process if you keep these broad guidelines in mind: Work ahead whenever you can.
What Will I Learn? Get it right the first time. Apply APA guidelines as you write, so you will not have much to correct during the editing stage.
Again, putting in a little extra time early on can save time later.
Use the resources available to you. In addition to the guidelines provided in this chapter, you may wish to consult the APA website at http: General Formatting Guidelines This chapter provides detailed guidelines for using the citation and formatting conventions developed by the American Psychological Association, or APA.
Writers in disciplines as diverse as astrophysics, biology, psychology, and education follow APA style. The major components of a paper written in APA style are listed in the following box.
These are the major components of an APA-style paper: Title page Body, which includes the following: Headings and, if necessary, subheadings to organize the content In-text citations of research sources References page All these components must be saved in one document, not as separate documents.
Title Page The title page of your paper includes the following information: List the first three elements in the order given in the previous list, centered about one third of the way down from the top of the page.
Use the headers and footers tool of your word-processing program to add the header, with the title text at the left and the page number in the upper-right corner.
Your title page should look like the following example. Abstract The next page of your paper provides an abstractor brief summary of your findings. An abstract does not need to be provided in every paper, but an abstract should be used in papers that include a hypothesis.
A good abstract is concise—about one hundred to one hundred fifty words—and is written in an objective, impersonal style. Your writing voice will not be as apparent here as in the body of your paper. When writing the abstract, take a just-the-facts approach, and summarize your research question and your findings in a few sentences.
Note how it sums up the major ideas in his paper without going into excessive detail. Exercise 1 Write an abstract summarizing your paper.
Briefly introduce the topic, state your findings, and sum up what conclusions you can draw from your research.National History Day works with the National Endowment for the Humanities to conduct an Ask the NEH Expert Series every year. The videos cover the five categories, documentaries, exhibits, papers, performances, and websites.
The Ask the NEH Expert Series videos are below. What Is MLA Style? MLA style is a system for documenting sources in scholarly writing.
For over half a century, it has been widely adopted for classroom instruction and used throughout the world by scholars, journal publishers, and academic and commercial presses. Documenting Your Research. Acknowledge the Ideas of Others.
Intellectual Property; Plagiarism; Cite Your Sources. History; Social Sciences; Using sources in your research paper is an important part of building and supporting your argument. An essential part of the writing process involves documenting your research and acknowledging the ideas .
The Shroud of Turin is a centuries old linen cloth that bears the image of a crucified man. A man that millions believe to be Jesus of Nazareth.
The resources available here have been provided by Copyediting-L (CE-L) subscribers because they are generous. If you find errors in any resource shared here, please remember that all editors—even highly experienced ones—are human beings and sometimes make mistakes. Elio Fameli holds a Law degree from the University of Florence.
He is an Associated Research Director at the ITTIG - "Istituto di Teoria eTecniche dell'Informazione Giuridica" ("Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques"), previously known as IDG ("Istituto per la DocumentazioneGiuridica" - "Institute for Legal Documentation"), an organ of the Italian National Research Council.