Overview[ edit ] Fig. Wineglass model for IMRaD structure. The above scheme schematically shows how to line up the information in IMRaD writing. It has two characteristics, first one is "top-bottom symmetric shape", second one is "change of width", that means "the top is wide and it narrows towards the middle, and then widens again as it goes down toward the bottom".
The IMRaD format is a way of structuring a scientific article. It is often used in health care and the natural sciences. Unlike theses in the social sciences, the IMRaD format does not include a separate theory chapter. Theses structured using the IMRaD format are usually short and concise.
The language will be as plain and as unambiguous as possible. There is no place in this type of writing for personal views and fanciful language. Introduction Use the introduction to show that you are knowledgeable about your field of study and existing research. Your introduction should contain: A summary of existing research on the subject Your thesis statement, hypothesis or research question Theory if relevant An introduction to the field, the current situation or to prevailing practice The introduction should explain what we know, and what we are uncertain about.
It should explain and summarise, but it should also ask questions, clarify, compare etc. Everything you write here must relate to your research question. Method Use your method chapter to show that you arrived at your results by applying valid and reliable methods.
Explain what you did; your research, treatment or professional intervention, and how you did it. In this section you should: Present the findings Organise, classify, analyse and if relevant categorise Explain and interpret e. The Introduction and Methods chapter should build up to your Results by showing how you arrived at your results Methods and their significance Introduction.
Is it possible to generalise? Make comparisons with other studies Are there alternative explanations? What are the strong and weak aspects of your paper?
What are the practical implications?
Is more research needed? Make recommendations to be applied in practice. What answer s have you found to your research question?
If you have a hypothesis, has it been strengthened, weakened or falisified? Do not introduce issues here that have not been mentioned earlier. If the results of your study do not allow you to draw any conclusions, you can end with a summing up.Publishing medical research in a reputed journal depends on factors like quality of research data, journal selection, and writing format.
Get more information about 'Alzheimer's & Dementia' Journal.
Check the Author information pack on alphabetnyc.com When it comes to tenses, I teach along the line of Moore/Tsuda: A Pratical Guide to the Use of Scientific English.
They have laid down the following guidelines relating the outline of a typical paper. Ever wonder why you can't figure out when and where to stick a comma?
It's probably because commas, by far, have more rules and applications than any other punctuation mark. But why do so many.
Writing Tips, Page 3 of 6! Brainstorming Your Paper Ideally, you should bring all your co -authors together. Spread your data out on a big table. A competing interest (often called a conflict of interest) exists when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as patients’ welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal rivalry).